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MIME Types

You can use .htaccess to define your own MIME types. What this means is you can associated file types with actions to be performed.

How do you use this? Let’s stay you want .DOC files to be interpreted as .TXT files. Modify the lines below:

AddType text/plain .txt

To:

AddType text/plain .txt .doc

You must perform an additional step if your server only supports the .SHTML file type for SSI files and you want a .HTML file to also perform SSI. Simply modify the MIME type from:

AddType text/html                       .html .htm
AddType text/x-server-parsed-html       .shtml .sht

To:

    AddType text/html                       .htm
    AddType text/x-server-parsed-html       .shtml .sht .html
    AddHandler server-parsed                .shtml .sht .html

Note the use of the “AddHandler” optoin to indicate the server side handlers.

Use this with caution, as ALL files with a .HTML file type will be interpreted as .SHTML. You can see, however, how convenient this can be.

The table below shows each of the MIME types and some of the associations.

AddType text/html                      .html .htm
AddType text/plain                     .txt
AddType text/richtext                  .rtx
AddType text/tab-separated-values      .tsv
AddType text/x-setext                  .etx
AddType text/x-server-parsed-html      .shtml .sht
AddType application/macbinhex-40       .hqx
AddType application/netalivelink       .nel
AddType application/netalive           .net
AddType application/news-message-id
AddType application/news-transmission
AddType application/octet-stream       .bin .exe
AddType application/oda                .oda
AddType application/pdf                .pdf
AddType application/postscript         .ai .eps .ps
AddType application/remote-printing
AddType application/rtf                .rtf
AddType application/slate
AddType application/zip                .zip
AddType application/x-mif              .mif
AddType application/wita
AddType application/wordperfect5.1
AddType application/x-csh              .csh
AddType application/x-dvi              .dvi
AddType application/x-hdf              .hdf
AddType application/x-latex            .latex
AddType application/x-netcdf           .nc .cdf
AddType application/x-sh               .sh
AddType application/x-tcl              .tcl
AddType application/x-tex              .tex
AddType application/x-texinfo          .texinfo .texi
AddType application/x-troff            .t .tr .roff
AddType application/x-troff-man        .man
AddType application/x-troff-me         .me
AddType application/x-troff-ms         .ms
AddType application/x-wais-source      .src
AddType application/x-bcpio            .bcpio
AddType application/x-cpio             .cpio
AddType application/x-gtar             .gtar
AddType application/x-shar             .shar
AddType application/x-sv4cpio          .sv4cpio
AddType application/x-sv4crc           .sv4crc
AddType application/x-tar              .tar
AddType application/x-ustar            .ustar
AddType application/x-director         .dcr
AddType application/x-director         .dir
AddType application/x-director         .dxr
AddType application/x-onlive           .sds
AddType application/x-httpd-cgi        .cgi
AddType image/gif                      .gif .GIF
AddType image/ief                      .ief
AddType image/jpeg                     .jpeg .jpg .jpe .JPG
AddType image/tiff                     .tiff .tif
AddType image/x-cmu-raster             .ras
AddType image/x-portable-anymap        .pnm
AddType image/x-portable-bitmap        .pbm
AddType image/x-portable-graymap       .pgm
AddType image/x-portable-pixmap        .ppm
AddType image/x-rgb                    .rgb
AddType image/x-xbitmap                .xbm
AddType image/x-xpixmap                .xpm
AddType image/x-xwindowdump            .xwd
AddType audio/basic                    .au .snd
AddType audio/x-aiff                   .aif .aiff .aifc
AddType audio/x-wav                    .wav
AddType audio/x-pn-realaudio           .ram
AddType audio/x-midi                   .mid
AddType video/mpeg                     .mpeg .mpg .mpe
AddType video/quicktime                .qt .mov
AddType video/x-msvideo                .avi
AddType video/x-sgi-movie              .movie
AddType message/external-body
AddType message/news
AddType message/partial
AddType message/rfc822
AddType multipart/alternative
AddType multipart/appledouble
AddType multipart/digest
AddType multipart/mixed
AddType multipart/parallel
AddType x-world/x-vrml                  .wrl

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